Kerala, with an area of 38.855 square kilometers, is the smallest states in the Indian union. Kerala is known “as the favorite child of nature.” It is famous for its breath-taking natural beauty with its ever green forests, palms trees, mountains, extensive backwaters, swift flowing rivers, blue lagoons, it is known as God’s own country. No other state in India is so widely known or has played such an important part in history. This particular aspect has nurtured art and culture in Kerala.
Ernakulam district is formed by two princely states viz. Travancore and Cochin and the British Malabar. Ernakulam is the first district in the whole country to have 100% literacy. It is the commercial centre of Kerala. Kochi (Cochin) is a harbour town in Ernakulam District of Kerala. Once a small fishing village, it is now a major port of Kerala, and plays an import part in the development of country’s economy. Kochi is also known as the Queen of Arabian Sea. The name Kochi derived from the Malayalam word “koch azhi” means a small lagoon. It also has Chinese hints. It also has its roots in the Sanskrit word Go Shree that literally means thriving with the auspicious animal. Niccolo dei Conti and Fra Paoline’s travelogues associate the name Kochi with the river Kochchi.
The European, Arab and the Portuguese came to trade with Kochi. The merchants from Holland also tried to establish their link in India. However, the British East India Company finally succeeded in establishing their office in India. During 1920’s the then Governor of Madras, Lord Willington and Robert Bristow, the engineer, developed Kochi as world class port facilities. Kochi now has a major sea-port and an international air port. The Smart City and the Vallarpadam Container Terminal is changing the face of this small city.